Bosnia and Herzegovina applies to join EU

Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) has formally submitted the application to join the European Union (EU).

The application comes some 20 years after the bloody Bosnia War in 1990s.

The Balkan country was thrown into war in 1990s after the fall of Yugoslavia, with some 100,000 people reportedly killed.

In accordance with the Dayton Agreement that ended the war, BiH is made up of two entities, the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (FBiH) dominated by Bosniaks and Croats, and the Republika Srpska (RS) dominated by Serbs.

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