One of the most emblematic figures in the world of medicine today is Chinese scientist Tu Youyou, who won the 2015 Nobel Prize in Medicine for discovering artemisinin. This drug can significantly reduce mortality in patients infected with malaria.
Born in 1930, Tu Youyou graduated from the Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences at Beijing Medical University in 1955. She is currently head professor at the Academy of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Juleen R. Zierath, president of the Nobel Committee for Physiology or Medicine, noted the importance of “Tu’s inspiration from traditional Chinese medicine.”
With over 5,000 years of history, traditional Chinese medicine centers on caring for the body’s energy sources, including nutrition, environment, exercise and hygiene.
Herbal treatments are a key component of traditional medicine, consisting of the therapeutic use of plants to cure and prevent disease.
Traditional Chinese doctors believe that disease and pain are symptoms of blocked energy. They use treatments like acupuncture and cupping to improve energy flow through the body’s meridians or channels, which connect all the organs.