Latin America has become a leading destination for exports from China, the region’s third-largest trade partner, with nearly 262 billion U.S. dollars in trade exchange in 2013.
In 2007, the Brazilian city of Rio de Janeiro won the rights to host the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympic Games. It’s also the year the China CNR Corporation Limited began to export trains to Rio. By 2014, more than 40 Chinese-manufactured electric multiple unit trains — which feature self-propelled carriages that run on electricity and are known as EMUs — were in circulation. In addition to some 20 subway trains brought from China, these units represent 80 percent of the trains serving the city.
As Brazil continues to import Chinese-made trains in the lead up to the Olympics, neighboring Argentina is also becoming a model of rail modernization, thanks to China’s help.
On July 29, a shipment of 25 rail cars, rails, machinery and materials from CNR arrived in the Argentinean port and capital city of Buenos Aires.
These diesel multiple unit trains, or DMUs, can reach a maximum speed of 100 km/h and boast a special coating that protects against corrosion and strong ultraviolet rays.
Increasingly, Chinese-made trains, which have proven their safety and resistance over the years, are helping to modernize Latin America’s rail transport sector.