Remembering the Potsdam Declaration

Sunday marks the 70th anniversary of the Potsdam declaration, a document issued by China, the United States and Britain on July 26th, 1945 in demand of Japan’s unconditional surrender, and was accepted by Japan in the 1945 Japanese Instrument of Surrender.

The terms included the elimination “for all time of the authority and influence of those who have deceived and misled the people of Japan into embarking on world conquest”. It also stated that “Japan shall be permitted to maintain such industries as will sustain her economy and permit the exaction of just reparations in kind, but not those which would enable her to rearm for war. To this end, access to, as distinguished from control of, raw materials shall be permitted. Eventual Japanese participation in world trade relations shall be permitted.”

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