During the US war in Iraq, an al-Qaeda splinter group formed, led by a fierce fighter, Abu Musab al-Zarqawi. Some of his men were jailed in a US facility in Iraq called Camp Bucca, where the roots of ISIL took hold. After Zarqawi was killed by a US airstrike in 2006, the group broke from al-Qaeda and began calling themselves The Islamic State. Their new leader: Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, a former prisoner at Camp Bucca.
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