Hepatitis is a disease that causes inflammation of the liver, which can lead to fibrosis, cirrhosis or cancer of the liver. The disease can be caused by a virus, toxic substances or autoimmune disorders.
There are five different types of hepatitis viruses: A, B, C, D and E.
Hepatitis A and E are mainly spread through contaminated food or water.
Types B, C and D can be transmitted through contact with infected blood or other body fluids.
According to the World Health Organization (or WHO), 400 million people around the world live with hepatitis B or C, and each year 1.4 million people die from viral hepatitis. These deaths can be prevented. Unfortunately, most people are unaware that they have been infected.
That’s why in 2010, the WHO made July 28 World Hepatitis Day, one of only four official disease-specific world health days.
In April, the Chinese government announced that the rate of infection of chronic hepatitis B in children under five has in recent years remained below 1%, achieving the goal set by the WHO.