World Population Day, celebrated each July 11, was designated by the United Nations in 1987 to commemorate the world reaching the 5 billion-people mark.
This year, 2015, is also the target year for the UN-sponsored Millennium Development Goals, so the international organization has published the results of its global campaign to reach the 8 MDGs:
ERADICATE EXTREME POVERTY & HUNGER: In the last two decades, extreme poverty has been cut by half, to 836 million people.
ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION: The literacy rate among youth between 15 and 24 years of age has increased from 83% to 91%.
PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN: Today one out of every four members of parliament is a woman.
REDUCE CHILD MORTALITY: Mortality among children under 5 worldwide has fallen from 12.7 million deaths in 1990 to nearly 6 million deaths in 2015.
IMPROVE MATERNAL HEALTH: More than 71% of births were attended by a healthcare worker.
COMBAT HIV/AIDS, MALARIA AND OTHER DISEASES: Treatment has prevented 7.6 million deaths due to AIDS.
ENSURE ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY: 147 countries have met the goal of ensuring access to potable water.
DEVELOP A GLOBAL PARTNERSHIP FOR DEVELOPMENT: 3.2 billion people are connected to a global network of content and applications.
Today, some 7,113,000,000 people live on our planet, 19.5% in China, which has experienced rapid growth and development in recent decades. Its Human Development Index has increased from 0.407 to 0.719 in just 23 years, attesting to an improvement in the country’s social, educational and economic policies.